The degree MBBS expands itself to mean Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. As the history of the abbreviation goes it can be counted as MB which means Medicinae Baccalaureus and B.S. meaning Bachelor of Surgery. One of the most prestigious degrees not only of recent times but for generations, MBBS is one of the most reputed as well as one of the most challenging courses of higher studies. The seriousness and importance of this degree can be analyzed by the fact that this is an amalgamation of two major degrees in the field of medical, included in one domain. MBBS is an Undergraduate Academic Degree Course that entails the study of medicine and surgery. This course aims to give an academic understanding of concepts like medicine, biochemistry, human anatomy, human cytology, pharmacology, pharmaco-chemistry, drug formulation & effect and method of surgery through theoretical and practical experiences. Let us look at the MBBS Course Duration and Structure in brief.
MBBS Course Duration
The duration of MBBS course is said to be a five and a half year course including one year of compulsory rotating internship, so actually, the academic course duration stands at four and a half year which is distributed in 9 semesters. The Medical Council of India formulates and handles the MBBS course structures because it is the only accredited body of medical courses in India.
Unavailable in a distance course many students are seen taking up MBBS courses after their high secondary, this shows that no matter how tough it seems it attracts a huge section of students who have a bent for science.
Eligibility for MBBS Abroad
The eligibility criteria for pursuing MBBS are-
The basic criteria to pursue MBBS is that the student should have completed his/her 10+2 examinations and must have scored minimum 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology by a recognized board
In order to apply for the medical entrance test, the applicant must be at least 17 years old on or before 31st December of the year of admission. The upper age limit being 25 years of age.
The student also needs to give various other National Level Examination conducted by the CBSE, New Delhi, i.e. NEET UG(National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test) to book their place in the 15% of the total seats of medical and dental courses of the likewise colleges run by the Union of India. Students also apply for AIIMS & JIPMER MBBS Entrance Exam, CET, AIMEE to get admission into the MBBS program.
General Structure of the Exam
The questions of the MBBS entrance test, especially the written ones, are a mix of physics, chemistry, and biology. For Biology questions, the main focus is generally on botany and zoology. In written tests most of the time there is negative marking for the wrong answers which is instructed in the paper itself. These exams at times also include personality tests, general knowledge questions, and English language questions.
MBBS Course Fee In India
The MBBS course fee varies with institutions. For a Central Government funded institution like AIIMS, the course may be really nominal like Rs. 10,000 per annum but for other institutes like All India Quota, it may cost between Rs. 50,000- 2 Lakhs per annum.
MBBS Course Subjects
- Human Anatomy
- General Medicine
- Human physiology including biophysics
- Introduction to Humanities and community medicine
- Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Ear, Nose, and Throat
- Forensic medicine including toxicology
- General medicine
- General surgery
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Specializations
Syllabus of MBBS degree (semester wise)
Total number of semesters-9
Semester Wise Subject Distribution
Semester 1-2 (Pre-clinical): Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology.
Semester 3-5 (Para-clinical): Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings, OPDs.
Semester 6-9 (Clinical): Community medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Surgery, and allied subjects, Clinical postings.
Internship Schedule (12 months) are as follows:
- Medicine- a specialty of the duration of 1.5 months.
- Surgery- Specialty of the duration of 1.5 months.
- Orthopedics- duration 1 month.
- Community Medicine- duration of 2 months.
- Pediatrics- a specialty of duration 1 month.
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology + Family Planning- a specialty of duration 2 months.
- Casualty- duration of 15 days.
- Anaesthesiology- duration of 15 days.
- Ophthalmology- duration of 15 days.
- ENT – duration of 15 days.
- Psychiatry- duration of 15 days.
- Elective- duration of 15 days.
MBBS Employment Areas
- Self-owned clinics
- Biomedical Companies
- Nursing Homes
- Medical Colleges
- Medical Trusts
- Health Centres
- Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Companies
- Research Institutes
- MBBS Job Profiles
- Junior doctors
- Junior Surgeons
- Medical Professor or Lecturer
- Medical Analyst
- Medical Reviewer
- Clinical Research Field
- Chief Medical Officer
- T Specialist
- General Surgeon
- Hospital Administrator
- Medical Admitting Officer